d) the presence of solidified lava flows on the Moon
A geological activity means an occurrence of event such as volcanic eruption, earthquake, sedimentation, erosion etc. The revolution of the Moon around the Earth , the axial tilt of the Moon or the phases of the Moon are not surface features. hence, these events cannot provide the evidence of geological activity in the past of Moon.
The surface features of moon such as Mares, Craters, mountains, Rays and rills are the proof of some geological activity on the Moon. Mares are the dark patches on the moon's surface formed of solidified lava. Due to negligible atmosphere on the moon, the meteors strike its surface and cause craters to form. Thus, the correct answer is d.