It is a recursive method such that the output becomes the new input, the goal is to approach the zero by having the inputs change by a smaller amount each iteration until that change is nearly 0.
First, let me explain where the method comes from.
The formula is really just a manipulation of the slope formula using 2 points; the point tangent to the curve, and the point where the tangent line crosses the x-axis.
If (x,y) is point on curve, then (x*,0) is point on tangent line at x-axis.
Rearranging for x*:
This is the formula for newtons method. y = f(x), dy/dx = f'(x)
Now what happens is (x*,y*) becomes new point on curve with new tangent line with different slope.
This new line will cross x-axis at different point x** and so on until eventually f(x) gets really really close to 0.
Now for the example:
you need to take derivative f'(x) using product rule:
Then its just a matter of plugging in values for x, and repeating until we get close to a zero.
First plug in x = 1
Now we can stop because x5 = x4 to 6 decimals, this means f(x) is very close to 0 and will serve as a good approximation for a solution.
x = 0.860334
its 60-10+x why, because she bought the dress with $60 and she received $10 dollars back. We don't know the variable.
48/40 = 1 8/40
1 8/40 Simplify to 1 1/5
Hope this helps!