2.) C, rising urban trade
3.) B, sandinista control of nicaragua
4.) C, war beteen the contras and the sandinistas in nicaragua intensified
5.) A, chile
1)Which economic problem did many Latin American nations face in the years following World War II?
The wide gaps between rich and poor
The poor remained poor while the rich continued to be rich.
The inequality widened because globalization and technological change have made most people less competitive, while making the best educated at that time and those who had knowledge and who had acquired wealth before war remained more competitive.
2)Which was an effect of industrialization in Latin American nations during the postwar years?
This was caused by Relocation of millions of workers to cities, overcrowding of cities because the poor wanted better pay, rising urban unemployment because not enough jobs.
3)Which was not a reason for U.S. intervention in Latin America during the Cold War era?
the fall of the Soviet Union
the fall of signaled the end of cold war between the soviet union and the united states.
4)Which was not a result of U.S. intervention in Latin America during the Cold War era?
communism dissapeared in Latin america
communism is a theory of social system which all property is owned by community and each person contributes and receives according to their ability
5)Which Latin American nation was controlled by Juan Peron?
Juan Peron was an Argentine general diplomat who was elected to serve as the president of Argentina on three occasions.
1. lack of investment capital.
After WWII, Latin America's main problem was lack of investment capital. Most countries were focused on rebuilding Europe, and investing on the United States' growing new economy.
2. relocation of millions of workers to cities.
With industrialization comes population changes, and one of the most common ones is the move of people from rural areas to cities. This is because cities have more jobs in the new factories that come with industrialization.
3. the fall of the Soviet Union.
The fall of the Soviet Union did not occur until the end of the 1980s, and it represented the end of the Cold War.
4. Communism disappeared from Latin America.
Communism did not disappear from Latin America. Cuba remained a communist country, and Venezuela followed not long after. Many other governments remained sympathetic to communist ideologies.
Augusto Pinochet was a dictator in Chile after the coup of 1973.
6. provide a way to encourage regional cooperation in Latin America.
The OAS's main goal is to promote cooperation in Latin America through trade deals, cultural exchanges and other similar interactions.
7. As the head of a nationalist army, he defeated traditional warlords.
Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist revolutionary, who is now considered the founding father of the People's Republic of China.
8. A 15-year plan
The Great Leap Forward was a project initiated by Mao Zedong through which he wanted to change China from an agrarian society to an industrialized one. The project was meant to take place over five years, and it was extremely damaging for the Chinese population.
9. Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics during and after the movement for independence.
1. Lack of investment capital
After the world war 2, most european countries focused their capital on rebuilding their nations and covered the large expenses that incurred in the world war 2.
At that time, Latin America countries still reliant on western capital for their economy. Because of this, they receive lack of investment capital.
2. rising urban trade
During the industrialization, many citizens in Latin American nations decided to move to urban area in order to find job opportunities.
The increase in population opened up the opportunity for small businesses too, leading to a rise in the Urban trade.
3. argentinas invasion of the falkland islands
Argentinas invastion of the Falkland Islands created a conflict between Argentina and Great Britain.
Even though Great Britain was considered as United States' greatest ally, United states did not make any intervention to help Great Britain during the invasion.
4. the economy of brazil collapsed
Brazil is a country that possess many natural resoruces. During the world war II, the demand for Brazil's natural resource was increased.
Because of this, Brazil actually can sustain a healthy economic growth during the world war ii, Their economy never collapsed because of it,
Fidel Castro managed to won the heart of Cuban people with the help of the soviet union who wanted Castro to implemented communism in Cuba
He managed to held the highest position in Cuban government from 1976 -2008 before eventually Preceded by José Miró Cardona
6. provide a way to encourage regional cooperation in latin america
Due to its close proximity, it is actually profitable for countries in latin America to conduct a regional cooperation for the movement of their economic resources. Currently, the organization had around 35 countries and still operate Similar to the European Union.
7. leading an army of rural peasants, he launched a communist revolution
The communism view introduced by Mao Zedong was very appealing to the poor peasants of China (since it advocated for more social welfare by increasing income taxes) . Due to the overwhelming support from the people, Mao Zadong became succesful in his communist revolution and became one of the most respected leader in China ever since.
8. a 15 year plan
The 15 year plan of China's great leap forward was iemd to increase industrial activity and was a program designed to modernize the country.
By implementing this plan, China hope that it can advance and keep up with other foreign nations in the international trade. The plan is proven to be succesful. Currently China has the strongest economy in the world.
9. Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru played a crucial role during the independent movement because he received direct tutelage under Mahatma Gandhi and trusted to follow his footsteps after he's gone.
Due to his efforts, he was granted the position as 1st prime minister of India after they received their independence.
10. use of passive resistance to achieve independence
Gandhi's relied on peaceful effort to achieve the independence rather than millitary confrontation.
Gamdhi led many peaceful rallies to protest the occupations made by the British empire, and influence other Indian people to refuse to cooperate with the legislations made by the British government.
11. widespread poverty
Currently, the largest population of poor Indian citizens are located on northern India and Eastern India.
It's predicted that around 30% of the people who live in this territories are earning less than $1.25 per day from their jobs and unable to fulfill their basic needs.
12. a power struggle between communist and noncommunist governments
At that time, vietnam was divided into two. The northern vietnam promote communist government while the southern vietnam promote a democracy.
The reason for united states' involvement in the Vietnam war is because united states want south vietnam to win the power struggle and not letting itself being controlled by the soviet union.
13. strengthened reputation of the United States,
The war in vietnam resulted in an embarassing defear for United states millitary. Since United states held the reputation as the leader of the free world, the defeat in a country with less advanced technology and weaker economy than united states extremely damage the reputation of united states in the eyes of people all across the globe.
Its C ) Trade deficits
a, both were musicians during the jazz age
as the old saying goes, all politics are local. state and federal governments affect our daily lives in numerous ways. yet, in our federal system, there is supposed to be a balance between federal and state power. as james madison envisioned it in federalist no. 51, “the power surrendered by the people” would be “divided between two distinct governments,” creating a balance of power that would enable the “different governments [to] control each other.”