The correct answer to this question is that the Greek writer, who first, and best, used strong female characters in his plays, was Euripides.
Euripides, in fact, has been known throughout history as the writer who reshaped the way that plays were written in Greece, as he not only used to portray strong women, who defied the social norms of his time, but also, he turned slaves into intelligent people (something that was completely unheard of at the time) and finally, he dared to use satire to ridicule many of the mythological heroes of Greece. Euripides´ plays were, as a matter of fact, sometimes so socially evolved, that in his time, some were prohibitted and censored.
There are many plays by this Greek writer that are pretty well known, but probably one of the best known today, is "Medea", a tragedy where a woman, Medea, plans the murder of her own husband, Jason, for having cheated on her with another woman (something that Greek society did not support, as male fidelity was considered ridiculous).
The playwright that's bold enough to reflect the social values and attitude of strong female character is: Euripides, "The Bacchae."
The bacchae was among the first play who brought the issue of gender inequality that exist in Europe at that time. At that time, the idea was not really appreciated by members of society, but it created the needed ripple effect that lead to the formation of female suffrage movement.
'The Phoenician Women'
'The Suppliant Maidens'
'The Trojan Women'
C. Euripides, "The Bacchae."
i don't get what you mean
the two colonies had the earliest laws mandating religious tolerance.