Edward Snowden is an ex CIA American whistlebower who leaked classified information by copying from the National Security Agency(NSA) in 2013 while working with the CIA. His disclosures include leaked information on US spy agency collecting telephone data records of many Americans. The report shows the NSA was collecting data from a telecommunication company named Verizon daily.
The answer is 2013 Edward Snowden leaks
d. NSA; exile in the US and asylum in Russia
Edward Snowden is a former employee and contractor of the Central Intelligence Agency (mostly referred to as CIA). He didn't liked lot of things that were going on behind closed doors, so he decided to publish some of the highly classified information from the National Security Agency, thus becoming a so called whistle-blower. The US officials got very angry because of this and they wanted to capture, charge, and imprison him, and still do. Snowden though already made his escape plan, though it was highly risky considering that he chose Russia as his destination for seeking asylum. Luckily for him, Russia accepted granted him asylum and protected him and still does from the US.
Edward Snowden is considered a "Patriot of Free Press" due to his act of exposing USA government's habit of mass surveillance during times of democracy. After he published these NSA documents, there was a paradigm shift in the coverage of national security information.
As an informant of secret and illegal government activity, he put himself at great risk for the public good. On his own, he triggered a global reconsideration over the limits of government surveillance and the protection of our basic individual rights.
After in 2013 the NSA surveillance program was declared unconstitutional, it was considered that Snowden should be givem complete freedom from prosecution, as well as the possibility to continue with his life in America with total normality.
On the other hand, he was considered a "Traitor under the Espionage Act". According to federal government, he stole government property and violated sections 793(d) and 798(a)(3) of the Espionage Act. For this crime, people can face prison sentences of a maximum of thirty years.
Although officials identified Snowden as a traitor, he was not accused of treason, and is not intended to be so, since such crime demands that a person really wages war against USA or conspires against US by making alliances with the countrie's enemies.
Option D=> The Fourth Amendment.
The Fourth Amendment is an amendment act that is meant to protect people's rights. The statement of the the Fourth Amendment is quoted below;
''The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, Shall not be violated and no Warrant Shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.''
During the time Edward Snowden was working with the Central Intelligence Agency, he revealed some top secrets that has to do with national security and one of what he revealed is the one given in the question.
What the National Security Agency (NSA) did was unconstitutional because of the Fourth Amendment that is to say people have the rights to their privacy and the right to know if infomation are being collected with regards to their privacy.
PRISM (surveillance operation)
PRISM is a code name for a program under which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) collects internet communications from various U.S. internet companies. The program is also known as the SIGAD US-984XN. PRISM collects stored internet communications based on demands made to internet companies such as Google LLC under Section 702 of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 to turn over any data that match court-approved search terms. The NSA can use these PRISM requests to target communications that were encrypted when they traveled across the internet backbone, to focus on stored data that telecommunication filtering systems discarded earlier, and to get data that is easier to handle, among other things.
the process is called revolution because it was a process of great economic-social transformations that began in england in the xviii century.
the industrial mode of production spread throughout much of the northern hemisphere throughout the xix and early xx centuries.
the effect of this revolution was the distance between the countries, with respect to economic and political power. after all, not all industrialized at the same time, remaining in the condition of suppliers of raw materials and agricultural products to the industrialized countries.
these differences mark to this day the nations of the world that are divided between developed and developing countries. one way to measure whether a country is advanced is to assess how industrialized it is.
both believe in many god or polytheism
both built temples that they worshiped in both civilization's god were humanoid
both groups made religion a large portion of their lives
both believe in one religion throughout
the dead were buried with items for the afterlife