John Winthrop was accused of being a legalist, someone who over-emphasizes obedience to religious laws. Jonathan Edwards was accused of being a fanatic whose sermons could cause listeners to have physical fits. Explain how each man's writing reflects the label he was given by those critical of his approach.
Answer and Explanation:
Edwards' writing was extremely persuasive and worked on provoking fear and fear. For him it was through fear, that people tried to approach God, do his will and move away from what God did not like. His writing is rigid and difficult, pointing to religious extremes and many Christian concepts that are not currently supported. This caused him to be seen as a religious, cruel and inconsequential fanatic, who used religion to destabilize people.
Winthrop, on the other hand, was a fervent defender of the law and the conservative society. His writing is also persuasive, but it was not meant to provoke fear, but rather to show how keeping society within the laws already stipulated was a good alternative, as this provided control. For this reason, he discouraged the existence of rebellions, revolutions and threats to the already established order, which made him seen as a legalist.
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b: to eliminate competition from other farmers