12. A. Eastern Europe
The United States do not intentionally want to participate in World War 2 due to the massive destruction caused by World War 1 until Japan’s forces bombed the Pearl Harbor. That incident triggered them to form allies. North Africa, Canada (Northern Europe) and Brazil (South America) are US allies including USSR and France.
President Franklin Roosevelt and the then Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed to concentrate first to Germany since it’s the closest country to them. And Germany is located in Eastern Europe including Italy. Therefore, the first major offensive was undoubtedly deployed there.
13. D. Italy
Axis nations are a group of countries opposing the Allied Powers in World War 2. Italy is one of them and was knocked out due to the decrease in resources on their military forces. Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan also belong to the Axis nations; however, they are strong enough to be knocked out.
France does not belong to the Axis nations.
14. C. To avoid the mistakes of World War 1
From the word itself ‘neutrality’ or ‘neutral’ (rootword) meaning not taking sides in a conflict. The US did not want to take sides in either countries involved because of the damages done by the first world war.
To side with the allies or Axis is obviously not the main goal of neutrality acts of the 1930’s, though, the US army actually sided with the Allies due to Japan’s attack to Pearl Harbor. And Japan is part of the Axis powers.
15. C. Marshall Plan
It was an American initiative proposed by Secretary of State George C. Marshall to help rebuild Western Europe after the end of World War 2 in which the United States gave over $13 billion to them. Because of their downfall after the war, they’re susceptible to exploitation by the communist threat, and in order to avoid this, the United States helped them through this plan. Western Europe and the US were allies during the World War 2. This is the reason why the United States help them.
Financial Plan is used for business. It's still even widely used these days, not in wars.
Democracy Plan is intended to promote democratic engagement.
Kennan Plan is the basis of the foreign policy "containment" to avoid communism threat. However, it does not involve any financial aid.
16. D. Containment
Containment is the US foreign policy expressed in a military manner which helps prevent the spread of communism to other countries. Its goal is just to defend existing regimes from communism. It was used by the US forces to defend South Korea against the Korean War.
Roll back is the most aggressive foreign policy which could be designated as the opposite of containment. Its goal is to overthrow communist regime in power. This is more on the offensive part.
Isolationism is a policy of staying out of the disputes of other nations. Its goal is not to take part or take a side in whatever nations involved in war. It’s somewhat related to Neutrality Acts of 1930.
Militarization is a process of organizing itself for military conflict. It’s more on the violence side.
19. C. He didn’t want the government to get overly involved.
Hoover greatly believed in the spirit of individualism, that hard work pays its own rewards and that is the only thing needed to survive. So he just asked individuals to work harder and the business leaders to keep workers employed. He believed that retaining workers and continuing production would help sustain the economy.
However, by late 1931, he recognized the need for some government intervention upon seeing that those steps were not enough.
C. To avoid the mistakes of World War 1From the word itself ‘neutrality’ or ‘neutral’ (rootword) meaning not taking sides in a conflict. The US did not want to take sides in either countries involved because of the damages done by the first world war.To side with the allies or Axis is obviously not the main goal of neutrality acts of the 1930’s, though, the US army actually sided with the Allies due to Japan’s attack to Pearl Harbor. And Japan is part of the Axis powers.
The correct answer is A) keeping the US from being brought into European conflicts.
The Neutrality Acts of the 1930s were intended to keeping the US from being brought into European conflicts.
The Neutrality Acts were laws that the US Congress passed in the 1930s to prevent the United States to be involved in European conflicts. The laws enacted clearly stated the neutral position of the US in foreign affairs. This isolationist attitude was approved by a majority of citizens that believed that US involvement in World War 1 was because banks and wealthy businessmen had interests in European countries.
The goal of the neutrality acts of the 1930s was to avoid repeating the mistakes of World War I.
To avoid conflicts that the US could get into
The US wanted to isolate following World War I but needed assurance the world would not pose a threat. The Washington Conference reduced military size and weapons, the Kellogg-Briand Act outlawed war, and the Neutrality Acts prevented economic connected to warring countries.
answer; ///i believe that the correct answer is refrigerants,(like r12) and aerosol
the answer to fill in the blank in this question would be the word resource, it is defined as the money, material or people (since human resource is a very valuable good) that a company or a person has at disposition (meaning they can use the resource as they see fit), to be able to complete a task or achieve a goal.
a. to avoid repeating the mistakes...