"John Dewey" is the correct answer
John Dewey- was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Wikipedia
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori- was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education
I'm working on the same question and this is the information i found out. There is the same question on and the answer John Dewey was given very few stars but that's strange to me because John is an American philosopher and Maria was an Italian physician so the correct answer really must be John Dewy.
(e) a major consequence of the election was that several southern states
i believe the answer is d.