Salt melts ice essentially because adding salt lowers the freezing point of the water. ... Ice typically is coated with a thin film of liquid water, which is all it takes. Pure water freezes at 32°F (0°C). Water with salt (or any other substance in it) will freeze at some lower temperature.
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sodium (na), for example, has one electron in its valence shell. this is an unstable state because that valence shell needs eight electrons to be full. in order to fill its valence shell, find a way to add seven electrons to its valence shell
chemistry sucks a**