B). NADH and ATP
Explanation: Glycolysis is a ten enzyme catalyzed reaction in which glucose a six-carbon sugar is broken down into two molecules of three-carbon pyruvate. Glycolysis is divided into two phases: the preparatory phase constituted by the first five reactions and the pay off phase constituted by the remaining five reactions. Energy-carrier molecules are produced in the pay off phase. In this phase, four molecules of ATP and two molecules of NADH are produced. NADH is produced in a reaction catalyzed by glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in which glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is converted to 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate. ATP are produced in a reaction catalyzed by phosphoglycerate kinase in which 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate to 3-phosphoglycerate, and in a reaction catalyzed by pyruvate kinase in which Phosphoenolpyruvate is converted to pyruvate.
Chemiosmosis couples electron transport chain to ATP synthesis. NADH and FADH shuttle high-energy electrons extracted from food during glycolysis and citric acid cycle to an electron transport chain built into the inner mitochondrial membrane.
In the electron transport chain, electron are transport and pumping of electrons create an H+ gradient across the membrane.
During Chemiosmosis, the protons flow back down their gradient via ATP synthase, which is built into the membrane nearby. The ATP synthase harnesses the proton-motive force to phosphorylate ADP, forming ATP.
Therefore ETC and Chemiosmosis make up oxidative phosphorylation
"Glycolysis produces 2 ATP, 2 NADH, and 2 pyruvate molecules: Glycolysis, or the aerobic catabolic breakdown of glucose, produces energy in the form of ATP, NADH, and pyruvate, which itself enters the citric acid cycle to produce more energy"
Glycolysis | Boundless Biology - Lumen Learning
2 ATP, 2 NADH
Glycolysis is the first step of cellular respiration that breaks down the glycolysis into two molecules of pyruvate. During the process, two molecules of ATP and 2 molecules of NADH are formed. NADH formed during glycolysis enters the oxidative phosphorylation to drive the synthesis of ATP.
Hence, ATP and NADH are the energy carriers formed during the process.
FADH2 is produced in the Krebs Cycle, not glycolysis. Hope this helps!
Explanation:Remember that glycolysis produces two pyruvic acid molecules per glucose molecule along with two of the hydrogen-carrying NADH molecules. Remember also that the Krebs cycle produces NADH as well as another hydrogen carrier called FADH2.
NADH and ATP
none of these are the correct process
pyruvic acid which is a 2 carbon compound
this is produced in glycolysis process
the calvin cycle has three stages. in stage 1, the enzyme rubisco incorporates carbon dioxide into an organic molecule. in stage 2, the organic molecule is reduced. in stage 3, rubp, the molecule that starts the cycle, is regenerated so that the cycle can continue
sea urchins are a.) grazers