Organisms must have at least one cell to be considered living things. Virus are not included here.
All cells has the same DNA
Estudos recentes têm apontado que todos os seres vivos tenham evoluído de um único antepassado, no caso da teoria de Thomas Cavalier-Smith, seriam os coanoflagelados, um grupo de protistas.
DNA for example is a universal molecule, even in different organisms, it maintains its same function as that of "making" proteins needed for the cells of individuals.
The diversity of life is explained by de biodiversity, that is caused by DNA mutations, environmental pressure and the natural selection.
Informations are stored in organic molecules, like DNA
The environment can also cause our cells to process information. An example: In a sexual relationship, the environment (which is the situation) causes our body to release high levels of hormone (testosterone) that raise our heart rate and blood pressure.
Organisms are not closed systems, but open systems.
Homeostasis is the ability to maintain the internal environment in an almost constant equilibrium, regardless of changes occurring in the external environment. It is possible because of the elaborate signaling networks that exists between different cells within an organism.
Evolutionary change arises the unity of living systems
it restores trees to areas where they once grew.
chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline silica. with this little bit of information, you can come to the conclusion that your answer is c.