Write about classical conditioning by identifying and giving an example of an unconditioned stimulus, an unconditioned response,
a neutral stimulus, a conditioned stimulus, a conditioned response, a stimulus discrimination, and a stimulus generalization that you
have experienced or seen
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Classical conditioning: 3. You have purchased a new television. When it turns on, there is a bright flash from the screen, and you find that over time, you squint as you push the on button.
Operant conditioning: 1. You are feeding a feral cat. You notice that over time, when the cat hears you open the door, it starts to approach the bowl before you even come outside or put food in the bowl.
Classical conditioning refers to involuntary responses that result from previous experiences. It occurs when you learn to associate two different stimuli. In this example, the stimuli of the flash and the behaviour of turning the TV are paired, so that when you are about to turn the TV, you get the necessary reaction (squinting) even without the stimuli (flash).
On the other hand, operant conditioning refers to the changes in behaviour that occur as a result of experiences after a response. In this case, the feral cat's behaviour is to come see you in order to get food. He gets rewarded for this behaviour, as you indeed feed him. This positive reinforcement means that it is likely to repeat the same behaviour again.
Given Statement: "All Clemson fans root for the Tigers."
Conditional Statements are statements which hasve two parts in them, namely, the hypothesis part (which comes first) and the conclusion part (which follows the hypothesis). In other words, conditional statements are "if-then" statements.
In this case, "All Clemson fans root for the Tigers." may be written as:
hypothesis part ("if" part) - If a fan is from Clemson
conclusion part ("then" part) - then he/she/they will root for the Tigers.
So the Conditional Statement is : "If a fan is from Clemson, then he/she/they will root for the Tigers."
Converse Statements are statements where the aforementioned hypothesis and conclusion parts are exchanged. That is, hypothesis becomes the conclusion and conclusion becomes the hypothesis.
In this case, the hypothesis part then becomes (the previous conclusion part) - If a fan roots for the Tigers
and the conclusion part (previous hypothesis part) becomes - then he/she/they are from Clemson.
So the Converse Statement is : "If a fan roots for the Tigers, then he/she/they are from Clemson."
Inverse Statements are statments where the conditional statement is negated. This means, we must simply add a "not" to both the hypothesis and the conclusion.
So the Inverse Statement is: "If a fan is not from Clemson, then he/she/they will not root for the Tigers."
Contrapositive Statements are statements where the converse statement is negated. This means, we simply add a "not" to the hypothesis and conclusion of the Converse Statement.
So the Contrapositive Statement is: "If a fan does not root for the Tigers, then he/she/they are not from Clemson."
Now, we analyse which statements are true and false. The given statement implies that if a fan is from Clemson, they support the Tigers. But carefully note that the statement does not say that all Tigers supporters are from Clemson! Indeed, they can be from anywhere.
Understanding this, clearly the conditional statement is true.
But both the Converse and Inverse statements are false! The Converse says that every Tigers fan must indeed be from Clemson which, as we have analysed, is not necessarily true. They can be from anywhere. On the other hand the Inverse says that if a fan is not from Clemson (and say they are from "ABC") then they will necessarily NOT support the Tigers. Which is also false, as Tigers fans may likely be from many places including Clemson, ABC etc).
Two counterexamples can be : ""If a fan roots for the Tigers, then he/she/they can (or may) be from Clemson." and "If a fan is not from Clemson, then he/she/they may not root for the Tigers."
On the other hand, thecontrapositive statement implies that if a fan does NOT support the Tigers, then they can not be from Clemson. Which is absolutely correct as ALL Clemson fans will indeed be Tigers supporters.
No 3 has incomplete question, but I'll complete it before answering.
Please see answer in the explanation column
Explanation:An unconditioned response,UR is a natural reaction that occurs from a given stimulus, usually An Unconditioned Stimulus,US. However, when we attribute a response to the initial stimulus that triggered our behaviour, that response becomes a Condtioned Response, CR because we have made the initial stimulus, a Condtioned Stimulus, CS that associates a particular behaviour to it.
No 1 contains two questions
1a)..A UCS---Flushing a toilet
B. UCR jumping back from hot shower
CSwhen you flush a toilet the next time
CR---jumping back before temperature of water changes
1b)A. UCSEating new food
B. UCR--- Sick from food
D. CS-When you smell that food that caused flu
Number 2 contains two questions
2a)A. UCSfrequent injections
B. UCR--- increased heart rate
D. CS-Entering the room to receive injection
CR---Immediately having increased hear rate
2b).A UCSloud startling noise paired with white rat
B. UCR---Albert is startled
D. CS- Upon seeing White rat
CR---Albert is Automatically startled
Complete question of No3
3.You have a meal at a fast food restaurant that causes food poisoning the next time you see a sign from that restaurant you are nauseous.
A UCSEating a meal at a particular restaurant
B. UCR---food poisoning
D. CS- Upon seeing the sign of the restaurant
sorry thats alot but if you look it up on google that should helpand websites also really help you just have to find the right one.
The answer is dog food. Classical conditioning refers to learning process in which a potent stimulus is harmonized with a former neutral stimulus. The neutral stimulus is also known as the conditioned stimulus (in this question, the dog food). It first brings out no response then when something is associated with the scream of the mother; it became now the conditioned stimulus.
The conditioned stimulus is the staircase.
In classical conditioning, a conditioned stimulus (the staircase) is associated with an unrelated consequence called unconditioned stimulus (the screaming). This produces a reaction known as conditioned response (fear).
It's important to realise that any stimulus can become conditioned. In the example, if Shane's mother had screamed at the sight of a dog, the baby would probably be afraid of dogs.
The right answer is autoimmune disease.
Autoimmune diseases are the result of a reversal of the immune system of an individual against some of its own cells, even against all of one or more organs. Little known by this scholarly name, autoimmune diseases represent the third cause of morbidity in developed countries (after cardiovascular diseases and cancers); we will be less surprised when we learn that among them are widespread diseases such as type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis.
The sight of potato salad in the school cafeteria is b. a conditioned stimulus.
In classical conditional, conditioned stimulus is defined as a previously neutral stimulus that has become associated with an unconditioned stimulus and, eventually, begins to trigger a conditioned response. The sight of potato salad was a neutral stimulus for Golda. However, after eating a bad one, she has associated it with with having food poisoning. When she had food poisoning, she had an unconditioned response, which was feeling ill after eating it. Now that the two things have become associated, the sight of potato salad has become a conditioned stimulus that causes the conditioned response of feeling sick to her stomach, even without eating it.
claude wants to buy a car and there are a few factors that will affect the decision he makes in choosing what car he should buy. the first factor that can affect his decision regarding what car to buy can be the social and the cultural influence of the society he is living in. for example, there might be a certain car that might have a better value in the eyes of the society or in other words a better social norm regarding that car.
another factor can be personal habits. claude might need a spacious car because he might have kids or might utilize the back seat for other purposes hence a sports car (2 seated) won’t be appropriate.